go to INTRODUCTION . . . go to CHAPTER 1 . . .

Chapter 9 References

1) A. G. Kozlov, editor, ``Magadan, Short History'', (in Russian), Magadan 1989.

2) Alexander Biurkov, ``Magadan'', (in Russian), Magadan, 1989.

3) Janusz Bardach and Kathleen Gleeson, ``Man Is Wolf to Man'', University of
California Press, Berkeley, 1998.

4) Adam Hochschild, ``The Unquiet Ghost: Russians Remember Stalin'',
Penguin, 1994.

5) Eric Azulay and Allegra Harris Azulay, ``The Russian Far East'', Hippocrene
Books, Inc., 1995

6) R.W. Thurston, ``Life and Terror in Stalin's Russia, 1934-1941'', Yale University
Press, New Haven, 1996.

7) David J. Dallin and Boris I. Nicolaevsky, ``Forced Labor in Soviet Russia'', Yale
University Press, New Havean, 1947.

8) Martin J. Bollinger; ``Stalin's slave ships: Kolyma, the Gulag fleet, and the
role of the west;'' Praeger Publishers, West Point, Conn, 2003

9) Robert Conquest, ``Kolyma, The Arctic Death Camps'', The Viking Press, New
York, 1978.

10) Michael Solomon, ``Magadan'', A Vertex Book, Princeton, 1971.

11) Central State Archive of the October Revolution (f. 7523, op.67. d, I. l.5.) as
quoted by D. Volkogonov in ``Stalin, the Triumph and Tragedy'', Grove
Weidenfeld, New York, 1998.

12) Stanislaw J. Kowalski,

13) Anatol E. Krakowiecki, ``A Book About Kolyma'' (in Polish), London, 1950. This
book can now be found on the Internet at 
The author describes his own life as a convict arrested in 1939.

14) L. Kosmodemyanskaya, ``Story of Zoya and Shura'', Foreign Languages
Publishing House, Moscow, 1953

15) Gitta Sereny, "The German Trauma: Experiences and Reflections, 1938-1999,
Penguin Books, 2000.

16) Piotr Jedroszczyk, ``On the Path of Camps'', in Rzeczypospolita, an OnLine
Polish publication, July 22, 1999 (#9). The URL is:

17) J. W. Stalin, ``Foundations of Leninism'', 1939. The English translation of
this work was published by International Publishers, New York, 1974.

18) Robert. D. Warth, ``Joseph Stalin'', Twayne Publishers, Inc, New York, 1969 .

19) Brian Moynahan, ``The Russian Century: A Photographic History of Russias
100 Years,'' Random House, New York, 1994.

20) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manfred_Stern

21) The New York Times, 9/6/2000, page B1.

22) Neil J. Kressel, ``Mass Hate, The Global Rise of Genocide and Terror '',
Plenum Press, New York, 1996.

23) Central State Archive of the October Revolution (f. 7523, op.67. d, I. l.5.) as
quoted by D. Volkogonov in ``Stalin, the Triumph and Tragedy'', Grove Weidenfeld,
New York, 1998.

24) B. Bazhanov,``Stalin Closly Observed,'' in the book ``Stalinism Its Impact
on Russia and the Worls'' edited by G. Urban, St. Martin's Press, London, 1982.

25) E. S. Ginzburg, ``Journey into the Whirlwind'', A Helen and Kurt Wolff
Book/Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc., New York, 1967.

26) Yuri Orlov, ``Dangerous Thoughts'', William Morrow and Company, Inc.,
New York, 1991.

27) H. Rappaport, ``Joseph Stalin, A Biographical Companion,'' ABC-CLIO,
Santa Barbara, 1999.

28) The word Gulag refers to a large network of soviet concentration camps,
as described in Solzhenitsyn's book

29) J. Glover, ``A Moral History of the Twentieth Century'',Yale University Press,
New Haven, 2000.

30) S. Pinker, ``All About Evil'', The New York Times Book Review, October 29,
2000, page 14.

31) M. Heller and A. Nekrich, ``Utopia in Power, History of the Soviet Union
from 1917 to Present'', Summit Books, A Division of Simon &Schuster, Inc.
New York, 1986. (First published in Russian, in 1982).

32) E. Preobrazhensky, ``The Moral and Class Norms of Bolshevism'', Moskow,

33) N. Bukharin and E. Preobrazhensky, ``The ABC of communism'', Moskow,

34) R. Medvediev, ``All Stalin's Men'', Anchor Press/Doubleday, Garden City,
New York, 1984)

35) Douglas Frantz, The New York Times (10/5/2000, page A9)

36) J.A. Getty and R.T. Manning, ``Stalinist Terror, New Perspectives,'' Cambridge
University Press, New York, 1993.

37) Amy Knigbht Beria: Stalins First Leutenatn, Princeton University Press, 199

38) E. Radzinsky, ``Stalin'', Doubleday, New York, 1996

39) A. De Jonge, ``Stalin and the Shaping of the Soviet Union'',William Morrow and
Company, Inc, New york, 1986

40) V. Shalamov, ``Kolyma Tales'', W.W.Norton & Company, New York, 1980

41) G. Knopp, as reported in The New York Times, 10/14/2000, page A7

42) R. A. Medvedev, ``Nikolai Bukharin'', W.W. Norton and Company, New York,

43) S.F. Cohen, ``Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution; A Political Biography,
1888-1938'', Oxford University Press, 1980.

44) A. Larina, ``This I Cannot Forget'', Hutchinson, London, 1993.

45) M. Albert, ``What is to be Undone'', Porter Sargent Publisher, Boston, 1974.

46) L. Trotsky, ``Terrorism and Communism'', Ann Arbor Paperbacks,

47) K. Gay and M. Gay, ``Encyclopedia of Political Anarchy'', 1999

48) N. Chomsky, ``For Reasons of State'', Random House/Vintage Books,
New York, 1973.

49) L. Kolakowski, ``Main Currents of Marksism'', v3, Clarendon Press,
Oxford, 1978

50) L. Infeld ``Why I Left Canada; Reflections on Science and Politics'',
McGill-Queen's University

51) S. Courtois, N. Werth, et al., "The Black Book of
Communism; Crimes, Terror, Repression", Harvard University
Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1999

52) L Kolakowski, "Modernity on Endless Trial", 
The University of Chicago, Chicago, 1990.

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